A Look At The Different Equality Issues In The Workplace

The office is supposed to be a place where equality and fair play should exist. It should be a venue where everyone gets equal opportunity for all the benefits in the workplace such as promotions, salary raise, and others. Unfortunately, this is not the case. According to the website of Slater Pugh. Ltd. LLP, discrimination is quite common in a place where equality should be practiced.

Latest figures from the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) reported 89,385 charges of workplace discrimination in 2015. Discrimination of any kind is quite prevalent in offices these days. When employers provide preferential treatment to a certain group of individuals, they are committing discrimination and may be subject to liability. When a hiring manager rejects the application of a person with disability or because of their color, it is an example of disability. Here we will look at the different kinds of workplace discrimination.

Age Discrimination

No employee shall be denied or excluded from benefits or be subjected to discrimination because of age. There is discrimination when the individual’s superior creates a hostile or intimidating environment that will limit the ability of the individual to perform.

The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination based on age in programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance. On the other hand, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act only covers discrimination of people who are more than 40 years old.

Citizenship or Immigration Status

Under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, discrimination upon an individual’s citizenship or immigration status is prohibited. The law protects US citizens, recent permanent and temporary residents, asylees, and refugees from being discriminated due to their citizenship. The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices enforce the anti-discrimination policy of the IRCA.

Disability

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act protects persons with disabilities from discrimination. The law prohibits discrimination in employment, public transportation, public accommodation and commercial facilities, and telecommunications.

Religion

Title VII protects an individual from being discriminated on the basis of their religion or lack of religious belief. They cannot be prohibited to “refrain from participating” in a religious activity as a condition for employment. Harassing an individual because of their religion is also illegal under Title VII. Saying offensive remarks against a person’s religious belief or practice is considered harassment.

Sex

Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, discrimination in any aspect of employment such as hiring, firing, pay, job designation, promotion, layoff, training, and others. It also prohibits discrimination of a transgender, lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Title VII also encompasses making unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.

Race

Title VI and Title VII protects individuals from being discriminated just because they are affiliated with a certain race.

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